OVERVIEW

Womenswear

The Victoria and Albert Museum writes of 1840s women’s dress:

“1840s fashion is characterised by low and sloping shoulders, a low pointed waist, and bell-shaped skirts that grew increasingly voluminous throughout the decade. Evening dresses were often off the shoulder. Hair was parted in the centre with ringlets at the side of the head, or styled with loops around the ears and pulled into a bun at the back of the head. Paisley or crochet shawls were fashionable accessories, as were linen caps with lace frills for indoor wear, and large bonnets for outdoors. Capes with large collars were fashionable.”

 Wikipedia summarizes women’s fashion of the 1840s, writing:

Shoulders were narrow and sloping, waists became low and pointed, and sleeve detail migrated from the elbow to the wrists. Where pleated fabric panels had wrapped the bust and shoulders in the previous decade, they now formed a triangle from the shoulder to the waist of day dresses.

Skirts evolved from a conical shape to a bell shape, aided by a new method of attaching the skirts to the bodice using organ or cartridge pleats which cause the skirt to spring out from the waist. Full skirts were achieved mainly through layers of petticoats. The increasing weight and inconvenience of the layers of starched petticoats would lead to the development of the crinoline of the second half of the 1850s.

Sleeves were narrower and fullness dropped from just below the shoulder at the beginning of the decade to the lower arm, leading toward the flared pagoda sleeves of the 1850s and 1860s. Evening gowns were worn off the shoulder and featured wide flounces that reached to the elbow, often of lace. They were worn with sheer shawls and opera-length gloves.

Another accessory was a small bag. At home, bags were often white satin and embroidered or painted. Outdoor bags were often green or white and tasseled. There were also crocheted linen bags.

Shoes were made from the same materials as handbags. There were slippers of crocheted linen and bright colored brocade satin slippers that tied around the ankle with silk ribbon.”

Clark Sisters - grandmother and aunts of photographer Frances Benjamin Johnston

Fig. 1 - Unknown photographer (American). Clark Sisters - grandmother and aunts of photographer Frances Benjamin Johnston, 1840. Daguerrotype. Source: Old Picture

Dress

Fig. 2 - Designer unknown (British). Dress, ca. 1842. Block-printed wool, silk ribbon, metal (hooks), baleen; 128.0 cm (centre back) 30.0 cm (waist, flat). Melbourne: National Gallery of Victoria, D67-1977. Purchased through The Art Foundation of Victoria with the assistance of David Syme & Co. Limited, Fellow, 1977. Source: National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne

Nursing dress

Fig. 3 - Designer unknown (American). Nursing dress, ca. 1840-45. Cotton and muslin. Hartford: Wadsworth Atheneum, 1965.474. Gift of Mrs. Louis P. Merriman. Source: Wadsworth Atheneum

Le Follet/Graham’s Magazine

Fig. 4 - Artist unknown (French). Le Follet/Graham’s Magazine, June 1846. Hand-colored engraving. Source: Pinterest

Menswear

Of 1840s men’s fashion, the V&A writes:

“Very fashionable men sported low, tightly cinched waists, with rounded chests and flared frock-coats that gave them a rather hour-glass figure inspired by Prince Albert. They also wore tight trousers and waistcoats, with high upstanding collars and neckties tied around them. Hair was worn quite long, but swept to the sides. Moustaches and side-burns were popular.”

Of 1840s men’s fashion, Wikipedia writes:
“In this period, men’s fashion plates show the lowered waistline taking on a decided point at the front waist, which was accompanied by a full rounded chest. Prince Albert (husband of Queen Victoria) had a high influence on male fashion, primarily because of his young age at the time of his wife’s coronation, and his great attention to his appearance. Therefore, the clothing, particularly of upper class gentleman, continued to follow the trend of earlier decades with full shoulders and chest, and a tightly-cinched waist.”
Man's double-breasted frock coat of fine black cloth, partly lined with cotton

Fig. 1 - Unknown designer (British). Man's double-breasted frock coat of fine black cloth, partly lined with cotton, ca. 1840. Cloth, cotton. Edinburgh: National Museum Of Scotland, H.TI 5. Source: National Museum Of Scotland

Portrait of a Man

Fig. 2 - Unknown photographer. Portrait of a Man, 1840s. Daguerrotype. Source: Pinterest

O Correio das Damas

Fig. 3 - Artist unknown (Spanish). O Correio das Damas, v. 11, no. 4 (February 28, 1846). Engraving. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, b17509853. Source: The Met

Men’s work pants

Fig. 4 - Maker unknown (American). Men’s work pants, ca. 1840. Denim and brushed cotton. New York: The Museum at FIT, P86.64.3. Source: The Museum at FIT

CHILDREN’S WEAR

Photograph of 2 young children

Fig. 1 - Unknown photographer. Photograph of 2 young children. Daguerrotype. Source: Photos Made Perfect

Dress

Fig. 2 - Unknown designer (American). Dress, 1840-1849. Silk. The Metropolitan Museum of Art: New York, 1980.246.1. Gift of Mrs. L. Randolph Mason, 1980. Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Magasin des demoiselles

Fig. 3 - Adèle-Anaïs Toudouze (French, 1822-1899). Magasin des demoiselles, v. 33, plate 48 (August 1, 1848). Engraving. Los Angeles: LA Public Library, rbc3877. Casey Fashion Plate Collection. Source: LA Public Library

References:

Historical Context

Wikipedia: 1840-1849
Rulers:

Map of Europe in 1840. Source: Alternate History

Events:
  • 1845 – With the arrival of the railroad in the 1840s comes mass travel and clothes designed for travel, leisure, and vacations.
  • 1846 – Elias Howe invented the sewing machine.
  • 1846 – U.S. war with Mexico begins.
  • 1848 – Known as the “Year of Revolutions” because of the series of political upheavals that take place throughout Europe, prudery reigns supreme and women’s skirts are down to the ground.

Primary/Period Sources

Resources for Fashion History Research

To discover primary/period sources, explore the categories below.
Have a primary source to suggest?  Or a newly digitized periodical/book to announce?  Contact us!

NYC-Area Special Collections of Fashion Periodicals/Plates
Fashion Periodicals (Digitized)
Allgemeine Moden-Zeitung. Leipzig: Baumgärtner, 1841. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/2057017.
Allgemeine Moden-Zeitung. Leipzig: Baumgärtner, 1844. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/2059838.
Allgemeine Moden-Zeitung. Leipzig: Baumgärtner, 1840. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/2057017.
Allgemeine Moden-Zeitung. Leipzig: Baumgärtner, 1842. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/2057023.
Allgemeine Moden-Zeitung. Leipzig: Baumgärtner, 1843. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/2062902.
Allgemeine Moden-Zeitung. Leipzig: Baumgärtner, 1845. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/2059838.
Allgemeine Moden-Zeitung. Leipzig: Baumgärtner, 1846. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/2070306.
Allgemeine Moden-Zeitung. Leipzig: Baumgärtner, 1847. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/2070308.
Allgemeine Muster-Zeitung : Album für weibl. Arbeiten u. Moden. Stuttgart: Metzler, 1849. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/titleinfo/2109890.
Allgemeine Muster-Zeitung : Album für weibl. Arbeiten u. Moden. Stuttgart: Metzler, 1847. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/titleinfo/2109890.
Allgemeine Muster-Zeitung : Album für weibl. Arbeiten u. Moden. Stuttgart: Metzler, 1848. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/titleinfo/2109890.
Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine. Vol. 53. W. Blackwood, 1843. http://books.google.com/books?id=nLECAAAAIAAJ.
Blackwood’s Lady’s Magazine. Vol. 15. London, 1843. http://books.google.com/books?id=_D0FAAAAQAAJ.
Blackwood’s Lady’s Magazine. Vol. 19. London, 1845. http://books.google.com/books?id=TT4FAAAAQAAJ.
Blackwood’s Lady’s Magazine. Vol. 20. London, 1846. http://books.google.com/books?id=dD4FAAAAQAAJ.
Blackwood’s Lady’s Magazine. Vol. 26. London, 1849. http://books.google.com/books?id=uD4FAAAAQAAJ.
Blackwood’s Lady’s Magazine. Vol. 17. London, 1844. http://books.google.com/books?id=IT4FAAAAQAAJ.
Blackwood’s Lady’s Magazine. Vol. 10. London, 1841. http://books.google.com/books?id=Zz0FAAAAQAAJ.
Godey’s Magazine. Vol. 20–21. Philadelphia, 1840. http://books.google.com/books?id=DtYRAAAAYAAJ.
Godey’s Magazine. Vol. 26–27. Philadelphia, 1843. http://books.google.com/books?id=ddcRAAAAYAAJ.
Godey’s Magazine. Vol. 38. Philadelphia, 1849. http://books.google.com/books?id=BYlMAAAAMAAJ.
Graham’s American Monthly Magazine of Literature, Art, and Fashion. Vol. 18–19. G.R. Graham, 1841. http://books.google.com/books?id=6dURAAAAYAAJ.
Graham’s American Monthly Magazine of Literature, Art, and Fashion. Vol. 32. G.R. Graham, 1848. http://books.google.com/books?id=UOzg2qITBPIC.
Graham’s American Monthly Magazine of Literature, Art, and Fashion. Vol. 34. G.R. Graham., 1849. http://books.google.com/books?id=INYRAAAAYAAJ.
Graham’s American Monthly Magazine of Literature, Art, and Fashion. Vol. 35. G.R. Graham, 1849. http://books.google.com/books?id=QNYRAAAAYAAJ.
Graham’s American Monthly Magazine of Literature, Art, and Fashion. Vol. 34. G.R. Graham., 1849. http://books.google.com/books?id=SoN_ganItmcC.
Graham’s Magazine. Vol. 20. G.R. Graham, 1842. http://books.google.com/books?id=vGEEAAAAYAAJ.
Graham’s Magazine. Vol. 39. G.R. Graham, 1844. http://books.google.com/books?id=jJvPAAAAMAAJ.
Graham’s Magazine. Vol. 27. G.R. Graham, 1845. http://books.google.com/books?id=dWEEAAAAYAAJ.
Graham’s Magazine. Vol. 28. G.R. Graham, 1846. http://books.google.com/books?id=3ZzPAAAAMAAJ.
Journal Des Demoiselles. Vol. 8. Paris: Bureau du journal, 1840. http://fig.lib.harvard.edu/fig/?action=read&bib=005380390&sbc=HWR7DM.
Journal Des Demoiselles. Vol. 11. Paris: Bureau du journal, 1843. http://fig.lib.harvard.edu/fig/?action=read&bib=005380390&sbc=HWR7DJ.
Journal Des Demoiselles. Vol. 12. Paris: Bureau du journal, 1844. http://fig.lib.harvard.edu/fig/?action=read&bib=005380390&sbc=HWR7DI.
Journal Des Demoiselles. Vol. 13. Paris: Bureau du journal, 1845. http://fig.lib.harvard.edu/fig/?action=read&bib=005380390&sbc=HWR7DH.
Journal Des Demoiselles. Vol. 14. Paris: Bureau du journal, 1846. http://fig.lib.harvard.edu/fig/?action=read&bib=005380390&sbc=HWR7DG.
Journal Des Demoiselles. Vol. 15. Paris: Bureau du journal, 1847. http://fig.lib.harvard.edu/fig/?action=read&bib=005380390&sbc=HWR7DF.
Journal Des Demoiselles. Vol. 9. Paris: Bureau du journal, 1841. http://fig.lib.harvard.edu/fig/?action=read&bib=005380390&sbc=HWR7DL.
Journal Des Demoiselles. Vol. 16. Paris: Bureau du journal, 1848. http://fig.lib.harvard.edu/fig/?action=read&bib=005380390&sbc=HN4I94.
La Mode. Paris: Aubert, 1840. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb32817434b/date.
La Mode. Paris: Aubert, 1843. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb32817434b/date.
La Mode. Paris: Aubert, 1844. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb32817434b/date.
La Mode. Paris: Aubert, 1841. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb32817434b/date.
La Mode. Paris: Aubert, 1842. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb32817434b/date.
La Mode. Paris: Aubert, 1845. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb32817434b/date.
La Mode. Paris: Aubert, 1846. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb32817434b/date.
La Mode. Paris: Aubert, 1847. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb32817434b/date.
La Mode. Paris: Aubert, 1848. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb32817434b/date.
La Mode. Paris: Aubert, 1849. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb32817434b/date.
La Sylphide : journal de modes, de littérature, de théâtres et de musique. Paris: [s.n.], 1842. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k146593k.
La Sylphide : journal de modes, de littérature, de théâtres et de musique, 1840. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb34444962f/date.r=mode.langEN.
Etiquette Books (Digitized)
American gentleman. True Politeness: A Hand-Book of Etiquette for Gentlemen. Philadelphia: G.S. Appleton, 1848. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100866793.
Celnart, Elisabeth. The Gentleman and Lady’s Book of Politeness and Propriety of Deportment: Dedicated to the Youth of Both Sexes. Parlour Library ;v. 2. Philadelphia: Grigg & Elliot, 1841. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009733502.
Cummings, A. I. The Lady’s Present: Or, Beauties of Female Character. Nashua, N. H.: J. Buffum, 1849. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011600526.
Day, Charles William. The American Ladies and Gentleman’s Manual of Elegance, Fashion, and True Politeness. Manual of Fashion and Politeness. Auburn N.Y.: Alden and Parsons, 1849. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/012393553.
Day, Charles William, and Alfred Guillaume Gabriel Orsay. Etiquette: Or, A Guide to the Usages of Society: With a Glance at Bad Habits. Philadelphia: T.B. Peterson, 1843. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/005768258.
Farrar, John. The Young Lady’s Friend. New York: Samuel S. & William Wood, 1849. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/005777146.
Fergurson, Anna. The Young Lady. Lowell: N.L. Dayton, 1848. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011472276.
Lady of New York. Etiquette for Ladies a Manual of the Most Approved Rules of Conduct in Polished Society for Married and Unmarried Ladies. CIHM/ICMH Microfiche Series = CIHM/ICMH Collection de Microfiches ;No. 43267. Philadelphia: G.B. Zieber, 1845. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100279797.
Member of the Philadelphia bar. The American Chesterfield, or, Way to Wealth, Honour and Distinction: Being Selections from the Letters of Lord Chesterfield to His Son and Extracts from Other Eminent Authors on the Subject of Politeness, with Alterations and Additions Suited to the Youth of the United States. Philadelphia: Grigg & Elliot, 1841. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100866787.
The Handbook of the Man of Fashion. Philadelphia: Lindsay and Blakiston, 1845. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100866790.
The Ladies’ Vase, or, Polite Manual for Young Ladies. Polite Manual for Young Ladies. Hartford: H.S. Parsons, 1847. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/012476329.
Etiquette for Ladies: With Hints on the Preservation, Improvement, and Display of Female Beauty. Philadelphia: Lea & Blanchard, 1840. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009738043.
The English Gentlewoman: Or, A Practical Manual for Young Ladies on Their Entrance into Society. London: H. Colburn, 1849. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100866600.
A Manual of Politeness, Comprising the Principles of Etiquette, and Rules of Behaviour in Genteel Society, for Persons of Both Sexes. Philadelphia: Published by J. B. Lippincott & co., 1842. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007701296.

Secondary Sources

Also see the 19th-century overview page for more research sources... or browse our Zotero library.

Online
“Chronology.” The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, n.d. https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/chronology/#?time=10.
“Fashion Timeline: 1840 To 1850.” Vintage Fashion Guild, n.d. https://vintagefashionguild.org/fashion-timeline/1840-to-1850/.
“History of Fashion 1840 - 1900.” Victoria and Albert Museum, July 11, 2013. http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/h/history-of-fashion-1840-1900/.
“Introduction to 19th-Century Fashion.” Victoria and Albert Museum, January 25, 2011. http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/i/introduction-to-19th-century-fashion/.
Glasscock, Jessica. “Nineteenth-Century Silhouette and Support.” The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, n.d. https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/19sil/hd_19sil.htm.
Books/Articles
Acton, William R. [from old catalog. The Tailors’ Transfer; or, A New and Improved System of Measurement and Garment Cutting. Baltimore, Printed by J. Young, 1846. http://archive.org/details/tailorstransfero00acto.
Ashelford, Jane, and Andreas Einsiedel. The Art of Dress: Clothes and Society, 1500-1914. London: National Trust, 1996. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/759883168.
Bassett, Lynne Z., ed. Gothic to Goth: Romantic Era Fashion & Its Legacy. Hartford: Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, 2016. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/965783261.
Boucher, François. 20,000 Years of Fashion: The History of Costume and Personal Adornment. Expanded ed. New York: H.N. Abrams, 1987. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/979316852.
Brown, Susan, ed. Fashion: The Definitive History of Costume and Style. New York: DK Publishing, 2012. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/840417029.
Costume, Society. Early Victorian Costume 1830-1860; Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference of the Costume Society, 1969. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1969. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/976708381.
De Young, Justine. “Not Just a Pretty Picture: Fashion as News.” In Getting the Picture: The Visual Culture of the News, edited by Jason E. Hill and Vanessa R. Schwartz, 109–15. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2015. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/987101210.
Depierris, Victor B. V.B. Depierris & Co.’s French Rule of Proportions: Being Adapted to All the Variety of Forms and Fashions, without the Trouble of Applying Any Measuring Apparatus, or Taking but One Simple Extra Measure. [New York?, 1841. http://archive.org/details/vbdepierriscosfr00depi.
Edwards, Lydia. How to Read a Dress: A Guide to Changing Fashion from the 16th to the 20th Century. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/988370049.
Fukai, Akiko, ed. Fashion: A History from the 18th to the 20th Century. Köln: Taschen, 2006. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/857267477.
Gutzkow, Karl. “Fashion and the Modern (1846).” In The Rise of Fashion: A Reader, edited by Daniel L. Purdy, translated by Kelly Barry, 196–205. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/470134643.
Hahn, Hazel. “Fashion Discourses in Fashion Magazines and Madame de Girardin’s Lettres Parisiennes in July-Monarchy France (1830-48).” Fashion Theory 9, no. 2 (June 2005): 205–28. http://dx.doi.org/10.2752/136270405778051392.
Hahn, H. Hazel. “Fashion Discourses in Fashion Magazines and Delphine de Girardin’s Lettres Parisiennes.” In Scenes of Parisian Modernity: Culture and Consumption in the Nineteenth Century, 63–80. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/456837270.
Hill, Daniel Delis. History of World Costume and Fashion. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2011. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/768100950.
Olian, JoAnne, ed. 80 Godey’s Full-Color Fashion Plates, 1838-1880. Mineola, N.Y: Dover Publications, 1998. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/868271404.
Ribeiro, Aileen. Ingres in Fashion: Representations of Dress and Appearance in Ingres’s Images of Women. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/469680932.
Scott & Wilson (New York, N. Y. ). A Treatise on Cutting Garments to Fit the Human Form: Containing Fifty Diagrams and Designs Reduced to Mathematical Principles. New York, 1841. http://archive.org/details/treatiseoncuttin00scot.
Scott & Wilson (New York, N.Y.). A Treatise on Cutting Garments to Fit the Human Form: Containing Fifty Diagrams and Designs Reduced to Mathematical Principles. New York, 1841. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009568030.
Severa, Joan L. Dressed for the Photographer: Ordinary Americans and Fashion, 1840-1900. Kent: Kent State University Press, 1995. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/552147475.
Staniland, Kay, and Santina M. Levey. “Queen Victoria’s Wedding Dress and Lace.” Costume 17, no. 1 (January 1, 1983): 1–32. https://doi.org/10.1179/cos.1983.17.1.1.
Takeda, Sharon Sadako, Kaye Durland Spilker, Kimberly Chrisman-Campbell, Clarissa Esguerra, and Nicole LaBouff. Fashioning Fashion: European Dress in Detail, 1700-1915. New York: DelMonico Books/Prestel, 2010. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/971876353.
Tarrant, Naomi E. A., ed. The Rise and Fall of the Sleeve, 1825-1840: A Catalogue of the Costume and Accessories in the Charles Stewart and Royal Scottish Museum Collections. Edinburgh: The Museum, 1983. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1008078015.
Tétart-Vittu, Françoise. “La Couture Avant La Haute Couture.” In Au Paradis Des Dames : Nouveautés, Modes et Confections, 1810-1870, 40–45. Paris: Éditions Paris-Musées, 1992.
Tortora, Phyllis G., and Sara B. Marcketti. Survey of Historic Costume. Sixth edition. New York: Fairchild Books, 2015. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/972500782.
Vincent, Susan J., and Denise Amy Baxter, eds. A Cultural History of Dress and Fashion: The Age of Empire (1800-1920). London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/967107605.
Young, B. [from old catalog, and Simon Snyder Rathvon. The Archetypal Consummation: A System of Garment Drafting, Founded upon Practical Experience. Columbia, Pa. [Printed by J. L. Gossler, & co.], 1845. http://archive.org/details/archetypalconsum00youn.
Evolution of Fashion 1835-1895 =: Rōman Ishō Ten: Clothing That Captured the Imagination of Japan, the Impact of Romantic Clothing. Kyoto: Kyoto Costume Institute, 1980. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/475808610.
Pinterest
“1800-1899 Fabrics & Textiles.” Pinterest, 1800s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1800-1899-fabrics-textiles/.
“1800-1899 Jewelry.” Pinterest, 1800s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1800-1899-jewelry/.
“1800-1900 Patterns & Tutorials,” 1800s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/patterns-tutorials-1800-1900/.
“1840s Accessories.” Pocket Museum, 1840s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1840s-accessories/.
“1840s Fashion.” Pocket Museum, 1840s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1840-s-fashion/.
“1840s Fashion Plates.” Pocket Museum, 1840s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1840s-fashion-plates/.
“1840s Mens Fashion.” Pocket Museum, 1840s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1840-s-fashion-men/.
“1840s Portrait Paintings.” Pocket Museum, 1840s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1840s-portrait-paintings/.
“1840s Underwear.” Pocket Museum, 1840s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1840s-underwear/.
“1840s Wedding Fashions.” Pocket Museum, 1840s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1840s-wedding-fashions/.
“Historic Costume - 19th Century,” 1800s. https://www.pinterest.com/maellen/historic-costume-19th-century/.