The Victoria & Albert Museum writes of 1880s women’s dress:

“1880s women’s dress featured tightly fitting bodices with very narrow sleeves and high necklines, often trimmed at the wrists with white frills or lace. At the beginning of the decade the emphasis was at the back of the skirt, featuring ruching, flouncing, and embellishments such as bows and thick, rich fabrics and trims. The middle of the decade saw a brief revival of the bustle, which was so exaggerated that the derriere protruded horizontally from the small of the back. By the end of the decade the bustle disappeared. Hair was worn in tight, close curls on the top of the head. Hats and caps were correspondingly small and neat, to fit on top of the hairstyle.”

Wikipedia writes of 1880s womenswear:

“As in the previous decade, emphasis remained on the back of the skirt, with fullness gradually rising from behind the knees to just below the waist. The fullness over the bottom was balanced by a fuller, lower chest, achieved by rigid corseting, creating an S-shaped silhouette. These gowns typically did not have a long train in the back, which was different from the gowns worn in the 1870s, and were extremely tight. They were known as the “hobble-skirt” due to the tightness of them. Winter gowns were made in darker hues whereas summer ones were made in lighter colors. Velvet was also a very popular fabric used during this period.

Skirts were looped, draped, or tied up in various ways, and worn over matching or contrasting colored underskirts. The polonaise was a revival style based on a fashion of the 1780s, with a fitted, cutaway overdress caught up and draped over an underskirt. Long, jacket-like fitted bodices called basques were also popular for clothing during the day.

Evening gowns were sleeveless and low-necked (except for matrons), and were worn with long over the elbow or shoulder length gloves of fine kidskin or suede.

Choker necklaces and jewelled collars were fashionable under the influence of Alexandra, Princess of Wales, who wore this fashion to disguise a scar on her neck.

Bodices were very tight fitted as a result of darts and princess seams. In the early 19th century dropped waists were common, creating a very long torso. Most ended in a point just below the waist. Collars that were very high and banded were very popular. These types of collars were called “officers collars”.”

Women on a Balcony

Fig. 1 - Charles Joseph Frédéric Soulacroix (French, 1825-1899). Women on a Balcony, 1879. Source: Pinterest

Portrait of a Woman

Fig. 2 - Henri Fantin-Latour (French). Portrait of a Woman, 1885. Oil on canvas; 100.3 x 81.3 cm (39 1/2 x 32 in). New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 10.41. Catharine Lorillard Wolfe Collection, Wolfe Fund, 1910. Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Lady in Gray

Fig. 3 - James McNeill Whistler (American). Lady in Gray, 1883. Watercolor and gouache on dark brown wove paper; 28.6 x 12.7 cm (11 1/4 x 5 in). New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 06.312. Rogers Fund, 1906. Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art


Of 1880s men, the V&A writes:

“For men, lounge suits were becoming increasingly popular. They were often quite slim, and jackets were worn open or partially undone to reveal the high buttoning waistcoat and watch-chain. Collars were stiff and high, with their tips turned over into wings. Neckties were either the knotted ‘four in hand’, or versions of the bow-tie tied around the collar.”

On men’s coats, jackets and trousers during the 1880s, Wikipedia writes:

“Three piece suits, “ditto suits”, consisting of a sack coat with matching waistcoat (U.S. vest) and trousers (called in the UK a “lounge suit”) continued as an informal alternative to the contrasting frock coat, waistcoat and trousers. The cutaway morning coat was still worn for formal day occasions in Europe and major cities elsewhere, with a dress shirt and an ascot tie. The most formal evening dress remained a dark tail coat and trousers with a dark waistcoat. Evening wear was worn with a white bow tie and a shirt with a winged collar.

In mid-decade, a more relaxed formal coat appeared: the dinner jacket or tuxedo, which featured a shawl collar with silk or satin facings, and one or two buttons. Dinner jackets were appropriate when “dressing for dinner” at home or at a men’s club. The Norfolk jacket was popular for shooting and rugged outdoor pursuits. It was made of sturdy tweed or similar fabric and featured paired box pleats over the chest and back, with a fabric belt. Full-length trousers were worn for most occasions; tweed or woollen breeches were worn for hunting and other outdoor pursuits. Knee-length topcoats, often with contrasting velvet or fur collars, and calf-length overcoats were worn in winter. By the 1880s the majority of the working class, even shepherds adopted jackets and waistcoats in fustian and corduroy with corduroy trousers, giving up their smock frocks.”

Arrangement in Flesh Colour and Black: Portrait of Theodore Duret

Fig. 1 - James McNeill Whistler (American, 1834–1903). Arrangement in Flesh Colour and Black: Portrait of Theodore Duret, 1883. Oil on canvas; 193.4 x 90.8 cm (76 1/8 x 35 3/4 in). New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 13.20. Catharine Lorillard Wolfe Collection, Wolfe Fund, 1913. Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

James Abbott McNeill Whistler

Fig. 2 - William Merritt Chase (American). James Abbott McNeill Whistler, 1885. Oil on canvas; 188.3 x 92.1 cm (74 1/8 x 36 1/4 in). New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 18.22.2. Bequest of William H. Walker, 1918. Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art


Fig. 3 - James Wells Champney (American, 1843-1903). Self-Portrait, 1880–1885. Transparent and opaque watercolor on paper; 34.3 x 23.5 cm (13 1/2 x 9 1/4 in). Boston: Museum of Fine Arts Boston, 58.1081. Gift of Maxim Karolik for the M. and M. Karolik Collection of American Watercolors and Drawings, 1800–1875. Source: Museum of Fine Arts Boston


Portrait of Stephen Manuel

Fig. 1 - Walter Richard Sickert (British). Portrait of Stephen Manuel, 1885. Etching and drypoint; second state; 6.5 x 6.3 cm (2 9/16 x 2 1/2 in). New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2007.49.445. Bequest of William S. Lieberman, 2005. Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Head of a Young Girl

Fig. 2 - Mary Stevenson Cassatt (American, 1844–1926). Head of a Young Girl, about 1874. Oil on panel; 32.38 x 23.49 cm (12 3/4 x 9 1/4 in). Boston: Museum of Fine Arts Boston, 27.497. Gift of Walter Gay. Source: Museum of Fine Arts Boston

In Full Sunlight (En plein soleil)

Fig. 3 - James Tissot (French, 1836-1902). In Full Sunlight (En plein soleil), 1881. Oil on wood; 24.8 x 35.2 cm (9 3/4 x 13 7/8 in). New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2006.278. Gift of Mrs. Charles Wrightsman, 2006. Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art


Historical Context

Wikipedia: 1880-1889

Europe 1884. Source: Omniatlas

  • 1881 – Population of Paris reaches 2,200,000
  • 1882 – Oscar Wilde embarks on a tour of America. His “too too and utterly utter” aesthetic fashion style is regularly remarked upon in the media.
  • 1883 – Brooklyn Bridge, the first wire suspension bridge, is built
  • 1885 – First motorcar built; first Chicago skyscraper; Thomas Edison invents the first movie in New Jersey
  • 1886 – Last Impressionist group exhibition
  • 1887- Fancy Dresses Described by Ardern Holt is published.
  • 1888 – George Eastman’s first amateur cameras
  • 1888 – Portable Kodak camera perfected
  • 1889 – Eiffel Tower built
  • 1889 – Safety bicycle introduced

Primary/Period Sources

Resources for Fashion History Research

To discover primary/period sources, explore the categories below.
Have a primary source to suggest?  Or a newly digitized periodical/book to announce?  Contact us!

Fashion Plate Collections (digitized)
NYC-Area Special Collections of Fashion Periodicals/Plates
Womenswear Periodicals (Digitized)
Arthur’s Illustrated Home Magazine. Vol. 53. T. S. Arthur & Son, 1885. http://books.google.com/books?id=U8ckAQAAIAAJ.
Arthur’s Illustrated Home Magazine. Vol. 52. T. S. Arthur & Son, 1884. http://books.google.com/books?id=yUXQAAAAMAAJ.
Cottage Hearth: A Magazine of Home Arts and Home Culture, 1885. https://books.google.com/books?id=SWshAQAAMAAJ.
Demorest’s Family Magazine. Vol. 21. W.J. Demorest, 1885. https://books.google.com/books?id=ZpdPAQAAMAAJ.
Der Bazar : illustrirte Damen-Zeitung. Berlin, 1883. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/3069124.
Der Bazar : illustrirte Damen-Zeitung. Berlin, 1881. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/3041574.
Der Bazar : illustrirte Damen-Zeitung. Berlin, 1882. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/3041447.
Der Bazar : illustrirte Damen-Zeitung. Berlin, 1884. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/3079389.
Der Bazar : illustrirte Damen-Zeitung. Berlin, 1886. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/3071341.
Der Bazar : illustrirte Damen-Zeitung. Berlin, 1889. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/3019221.
Der Bazar : illustrirte Damen-Zeitung. Berlin, 1885. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/3019209.
Der Bazar : illustrirte Damen-Zeitung. Berlin, 1887. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/3051487.
Der Bazar : illustrirte Damen-Zeitung. Berlin, 1888. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/3051487.
Dorcas Magazine. Vol. 1. New York, 1884. http://books.google.com/books?id=6CEEAAAAYAAJ.
Frank Leslie’s Lady’s Magazine. Vol. 51. New York, 1882. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433081676458.
Frank Leslie’s Lady’s Magazine. Vol. 48. New York, 1881. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433081676441.
Frank Leslie’s Lady’s Magazine. Vol. 50. New York, 1882. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433081676466.
Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine. Vol. 108–109. Philadelphia, 1884. https://books.google.com/books?id=fdE9AQAAMAAJ.
Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine. Vol. 101. Philadelphia, 1880. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.57766453.
Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine. Vol. 104. Philadelphia, 1882. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433104870054.
Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine. Vol. 104–105. Philadelphia, 1882. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=umn.31951d00322066i.
Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine. Vol. 106–107. Philadelphia, 1883. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=umn.31951d00322067g.
Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine. Vol. 108–109. Philadelphia, 1884. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=umn.31951d00322068e.
Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine. Vol. 116. Philadelphia, 1888. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=umn.31951d00319588v.
Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine. Vol. 117. Philadelphia, 1888. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015043516890.
Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine. Vol. 117. Philadelphia, 1888. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015043516890.
Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine. Vol. 118. Philadelphia, 1889. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015004176890.
Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine. Vol. 102–103. Philadelphia, 1881. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=umn.31951d00322065k.
Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine. Vol. 105. Philadelphia, 1882. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433104870070.
Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine. Vol. 107. Philadelphia, 1883. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015043516411.
Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine. Vol. 117. Philadelphia, 1888. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433104870104.
Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine. Vol. 119. Philadelphia, 1889. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015004176882.
Good Housekeeping. C.W. Bryan, 1886. https://books.google.com/books?id=8Vs6AQAAMAAJ.
Good Housekeeping. C.W. Bryan, 1887. https://books.google.com/books?id=IFw6AQAAMAAJ.
Harper’s Bazar. Vol. 14. New York: Hearst Corporation, 1881. https://books.google.com/books?id=t6z7-QiPaRIC.
Harper’s Bazar. Vol. 20. New York: Hearst Corporation, 1887. https://books.google.com/books?id=ALc5llqiBIwC.
Harper’s Bazar. Vol. 13. New York: Hearst Corporation, 1880. http://hearth.library.cornell.edu/h/hearth/browse/title/4732809.html#1880.
Harper’s Bazar. Vol. 16. New York: Hearst Corporation, 1883. http://hearth.library.cornell.edu/h/hearth/browse/title/4732809.html#1883.
Harper’s Bazar. Vol. 17. New York: Hearst Corporation, 1884. http://hearth.library.cornell.edu/h/hearth/browse/title/4732809.html#1884.
Harper’s Bazar. Vol. 18. New York: Hearst Corporation, 1885. http://hearth.library.cornell.edu/h/hearth/browse/title/4732809.html#1885.
Harper’s Bazar. Vol. 19. New York: Hearst Corporation, 1886. http://hearth.library.cornell.edu/h/hearth/browse/title/4732809.html#1886.
Harper’s Bazar. Vol. 20. New York: Hearst Corporation, 1887. http://hearth.library.cornell.edu/h/hearth/browse/title/4732809.html#1887.
Harper’s Bazar. Vol. 14. New York: Hearst Corporation, 1881. http://hearth.library.cornell.edu/h/hearth/browse/title/4732809.html#1881.
Harper’s Bazar. Vol. 15. New York: Hearst Corporation, 1882. http://hearth.library.cornell.edu/h/hearth/browse/title/4732809.html#1882.
Harper’s Bazar. Vol. 21. New York: Hearst Corporation, 1888. http://hearth.library.cornell.edu/h/hearth/browse/title/4732809.html#1888.
Harper’s Bazar. Vol. 22. New York: Hearst Corporation, 1889. http://hearth.library.cornell.edu/h/hearth/browse/title/4732809.html#1889.
Illustrierte Frauenzeitung : Ausgabe Der Modenwelt Mit Unterhaltungsblatt. Berlin: Bruckmann, 1886. http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/ihd/periodical/structure/3102088.
Etiquette Books (Digitized)
[Young, John H]. Our Deportment; or, The Manners, Conduct, and Dress of the Most Refined Society, Including Forms of Letters, Invitations, Etc., Etc., Also, Valuable Suggestions on Home Culture and Training. Comp. from the Latest Reliable Authorities... Detroit, Mich.: F. B. Dickerson & co., 1882. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001921277.
Alq, Louise Alquié de Rieusseyroux. [Le Nouveau Savoir-Vivre Universel]. Paris: Bureaux des causeries familières, 1881. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008681992.
Andrews, Wesley R. The American Code of Manners: A Study of the Usages, Laws and Observances Which Govern Intercourse in the Best Social Circles ... New York: Andrews, 1880. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007696346.
Armstrong, Mary Frances Morgan. On Habits and Manners. Hampton, Va.: Normal School Press, 1888. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/102114189.
Aster, Jane. The Ladies’ and Gentlemen’s Etiquette Book of the Best Society. Information and Instruction for Those about Entering, and Those Who Desire to Become Educated and Polished in General Society ... New York: G. W. Carleton & co.; [etc., etc.], 1882. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007678006.
Aster, Jane., and Cairns Collection of American Women Writers. Sensible Etiquette and Good Manners of the Best Society ... to Which Is Added The Art of Writing. Carleton’s Household Library. New York: G.W. Carleton, 1882. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/005777127.
Carroll, George D., and Dempsey & Carroll. The Art of Dinner Giving and Usages of Polite Society. Art of Dinner Giving. New York: Dempsey & Carroll, 1880. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100173294.
Cleveland, Rose Elizabeth. The Social Mirror: A Complete Treatise on the Laws, Rules and Usages That Govern Our Most Refined Homes and Social Circles. St. Louis, Mo.: L.W. Dickerson, 1888. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100557974.
Hall, Florence Howe. Social Customs. Boston: Estes and Lauriat, 1887. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001397017.
Hall, Florence Howe. The Correct Thing in Good Society. Boston: Estes and Lauriat, 1888. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/005777094.
Hardy, E. J. "Manners Makyth Man. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1887. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100557966.
Harland, Marion. House and Home: A Complete Housewife’s Guide. Philadelphia, Pa.: J. H. Moore & co., 1889. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000653799.
Houghton, Walter R. Rules of Etiquette and Home Culture: Or What to Do and How to Do It. Chicago: Rand-McNally, 1886. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011595282.
Johnson, Sophia Orne. The New York Fashion Bazar Book of Etiquette. New York: G. Munro, 1887. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011223773.
Keim, De B. Randolph. Hand-Book of Official and Social Etiquette and Public Ceremonials at Washington. A Manual of Rules, Precedents, and Forms in Vogue in Official and Social Life at the Seat of Government of the United States, for the Guidance and Information of Officials, Diplomats, Strangers, and Residents. Also a Guide for Diplomatic and Consular Representatives of the United States in Foreign Countries. Washington, 1889. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000195002.
Lavin, Eliza M., and Cairns Collection of American Women Writers. Good Manners. Metropolitan Series ;[v. 1]. New York: Butterick Publishing Company, 1888. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/005777096.
Lindau, Carl. Der Beste Ton. Regeln Des Anstandes, Und Anleitung, Durch Ein Anständiges Und Gesittetes Benehmen Sich Im Gesellschaftlichen Leben Angenehm Und Beliebt Zu Machen. Ein Sitten- Und Höflichkeitsspiegel Für Junge Leute. Erfurt: F. Bartholomäus, 1882. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001921301.
Loewy, Benno. The Manners of the Aristocracy. Ward and Lock’s Useful Handbooks. London: Ward, Lock, Warwick House, 1881. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100770760.
Longstreet, Abby Buchanan. Social Etiquette of New York ... New York: D. Appleton & Company, 1880. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100330658.
Lounger in society. The Glass of Fashion: A Universal Handbook of Social Etiquette and Home Culture for Ladies and Gentlemen: With Copious and Practical Hints upon the Manners and Ceremonies of Every Relation in Life ... The Secret of Success Series ;6. London: J. Hogg, 1881. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/101852847.
Marbury, Elisabeth. Manners; a Handbook of Social Customs ... Chicago: Westminster, 1888. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007957951.
McCabe, James D. The National Encyclopaedia of Business and Social Forms, Embracing the Laws of Etiquette and Good Society, and Containing Plain and Simple Instructions in the Art of Appearing to the Best Avantage on All Occasions: How to Dress Well and Tastefully: With Rules for Courtship, Marriage, Etc. ... Cincinnati, O.: Forshee & McMakin, 1881. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001921269.
Peters, Charles. The Girl’s Own Indoor Book: Containing Practical Help to Girls on All Matters Relating to Their Material Comfort and Moral Well-Being. London: Religious Tract Society, 1888. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009357566.
Ransone, L J ]. “Good Form” in England. New York: D. Appleton and company, 1888. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011714429.
Rayne, M. L. Gems of Deportment and Hints of Etiquette: The Ceremonials of Good Society, Including Valuable Moral, Mental, and Physical Knowledge, Original and Compiled from the Best Authorities, with Suggestions on All Matters Pertaining to the Social Code. A Manual of Instruction for the Home. Detroit etc.: Tyler, 1881. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/012294173.
Reed, Isaac N., E. H. Ruddock, and George P. Wood. The Ladies’ Manual: A Guide to Woman in Health and Sickness, from Youth to Advanced Age: Containing Also a Treatise on Marriage and Home Culture, How to Become Beautiful, Rules of Deportment, Dress, and Social Forms, Etc., Etc., Etc. Chicago: I. N. Reed, 1883. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008996237.
Ruth, John A. Decorum: A Practical Treatise on Etiquette and Dress of the Best American Society. New York ; and Cincinnati: Union Pub. House, 1880. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100773571.
Saint-Mars, Gabrielle Anne Cisterne de Courtiras. Comment on Fait Son Chemin Dans Le Monde Code Du Savoir-Vivre. Paris: Calmann Lévy, 1888. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100454824.
Sherwood, M. E. W. Manners and Social Usages. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1884. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001390918.
Sherwood, M. E. W. Manners and Social Usages. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1887. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/005824625.
Smiley, James B. Modern Manners and Social Forms ... Chicago, Ill.: James B. Smiley, 1889. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100837528.
Stevens, Frances. The Usages of the Best Society. A Complete Manual of Social Etiquette. New York: A.L. Burt, 1884. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/101852984.
Thornwell, Emily. The Lady’s Guide to Complete Etiquette in Manners, Dress, and Conversation, in the Family, in Company, at the Pianoforte, the Table, in the Street, and in Gentlemen’s Society: Also a Useful Instructor in Letter Writing, Toilet Preparations, Fancy Needlework, Millinery, Dressmaking, Care of Wardrobe, the Hair, Teeth, Hands, Lips, Complexion, Etc. Chicago: Belford, Clarke & Co., 1884. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100866716.
White, Lydia E. Success in Society: A Manual of Good Manners, Social Etiquette, Rules of Behavior at Home and Abroad, on the Street, at Public Gatherings, Calls, Conversation, Etc. Boston: James H. Earle, 1889. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/005777092.
Young, John H. Our Deportment, or, The Manners, Conduct and Dress of the Most Refined Society: Including Forms for Letters, Invitations, Etc., Etc.: Also Valuable Suggestions on Home Culture and Training. Manners, Conduct and Dress of the Most Refined Society. Detroit, Mich.: F.B. Dickerson, 1881. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006151580.
The Manners That Win. Compiled from the Latest Authorities. Minneapolis: Buckeye Pub. Co., 1880. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001921270.
Modern Etiquette in Public and Private; Including Society at Large, the Etiquette of Weddings, the Ball-Room, the Dinner-Table, the Toilet, &c, &c. London, New York: Frederick Warne and Co., 1887. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007701537.
Good Behavior ... Brattleboro’, Vt., San Francisco, Calif.: Cheney & Clapp; I.N. Choynski, 1881. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006510995.
Menswear Periodicals / Etiquette Books (Digitized)
Gazette of Fashion, and Cutting-Room Companion [Afterw.] Minister’s Gazette of Fashion, 1881. http://books.google.com/books?id=tTMGAAAAQAAJ.
The Etiquette of Men’s Dress. New York: The Men’s outfitter, 1888. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009604220.
Ayres, Alfred. The Mentor: A Little Book for the Guidance of Such Men and Boys as Would Appear to Advantage in the Society of Persons of the Better Sort. New York etc.: Funk & Wagnalls, 1884. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007958648.
The Monthly Record of Fashion, 1882. https://books.google.com/books?id=0SMGAAAAQAAJ.
The Monthly Record of Fashion, 1883. https://books.google.com/books?id=rBsGAAAAQAAJ.
The Monthly Record of Fashion, 1884. https://books.google.com/books?id=3xsGAAAAQAAJ.
The Weekly Record of Fashion, and Tailor and Cutter’s Guide [Afterw.] The “London Tailor and Record of Fashion” [Afterw.] The London Tailor [Afterw.] The London Tailor and Gentleman’s Magazine of Fashion, 1882. https://books.google.com/books?id=3CEGAAAAQAAJ.

Secondary Sources

Also see the 19th-century overview page for more research sources... or browse our Zotero library.

Krick, Jessa. “Charles Frederick Worth (1825–1895) and the House of Worth.” The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, n.d. https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/wrth/hd_wrth.htm.
“Chronology.” The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, n.d. https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/chronology/#?time=10.
“Fashion Timeline: 1880 To 1890.” Vintage Fashion Guild, n.d. https://vintagefashionguild.org/fashion-timeline/1880-to-1890/.
“History of Fashion 1840 - 1900.” Victoria and Albert Museum, July 11, 2013. http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/h/history-of-fashion-1840-1900/.
“Introduction to 19th-Century Fashion.” Victoria and Albert Museum, January 25, 2011. http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/i/introduction-to-19th-century-fashion/.
Glasscock, Jessica. “Nineteenth-Century Silhouette and Support.” The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, n.d. https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/19sil/hd_19sil.htm.
“Victorian Era: First Bustle and Natural Form (1870-1883).” History of Fashion and Dress, n.d. http://www.maggiemayfashions.com/firstbustle.html.
“Victorian Era: Second Bustle Period and Aesthetic Dress (1883-1890).” History of Fashion and Dress, n.d. http://www.maggiemayfashions.com/secondbustle.html.
Amnéus, Cynthia. A Separate Sphere: Dressmakers in Cincinnati’s Golden Age, 1877-1922. Costume Society of America Series. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 2003. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/907017627.
Arnold, Janet. Patterns of Fashion 2: Englishwomen’s Dresses & Their Construction, 1860-1940. New ed. New York: Drama Book Specialists, 1977. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/223335455.
Ashelford, Jane, and Andreas Einsiedel. The Art of Dress: Clothes and Society, 1500-1914. London: National Trust, 1996. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/759883168.
Bailey, Colin B. Renoir, Impressionism, and Full-Length Painting. New York: Yale University Press, 2012. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/786139582.
Beukel, Dorine van den. Fashion Design 1850-1895. New York: By Design Press, 1997. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/743141113.
Boucher, François. 20,000 Years of Fashion: The History of Costume and Personal Adornment. Expanded ed. New York: H.N. Abrams, 1987. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/979316852.
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Costume Society. High Victorian Costume, 1860-1890 Proceedings of the Second Annual Conference of the Costume Society, March 1968. London: Victoria & Albert Museum, 1969. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/620413645.
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Hill, Daniel Delis. History of World Costume and Fashion. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2011. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/768100950.
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“1800-1899 Fabrics & Textiles.” Pinterest, 1800s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1800-1899-fabrics-textiles/.
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“1880s Fashion Plates.” Pocket Museum, 1880s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1880s-fashion-plates/.
“1880s Fashion: Men.” Pocket Museum, 1880s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1880s-fashion-men/.
“1880s Footwear.” Pocket Museum, 1880s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1880s-footwear/.
“1880s Headwear.” Pocket Museum, 1880s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1880s-headwear/.
“1880s Outerwear.” Pocket Museum, 1880s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1880s-outerwear/.
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