OVERVIEW

Womenswear

Wikipedia summarizes Western European fashion of 1650-1700s as:

“characterised by rapid change. Following the end of the Thirty Years’ War and the Restoration of England’s Charles II, military influences in men’s clothing were replaced by a brief period of decorative exuberance which then sobered into the coat, waistcoat and breeches costume that would reign for the next century and a half. In the normal cycle of fashion, the broad, high-waisted silhouette of the previous period was replaced by a long, lean line with a low waist for both men and women. This period also marked the rise of the periwig as an essential item of men’s fashion.”

Portrait of Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie with his wife Maria Euphrosyne

Fig. 1 - Hendrick Munnichoven. Portrait of Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie with his wife Maria Euphrosyne, 1653. Lidkoping: Läckö Castle. Source: Pinterest

Shepherdess

Fig. 2 - David Teniers the Younger (Flemish, 1610-1690). Shepherdess, 1650. Oil on canvas; 58 x 52 cm (23 x 20 in). Saint Petersburg: Hermitage Museum, ГЭ-5595. Source: Wikimedia

Portrait of a Lady

Fig. 3 - Beaubrun the Younger and Charles BeauBrun. Portrait of a Lady, 1650-60. Source: Pinterest

Young Woman Peeling Apples

Fig. 4 - Nicolaes Maes (Dutch, 1634–1693). Young Woman Peeling Apples, ca. 1655. Oil on wood; 54.6 x 45.7 cm (21 1/2 x 18 in). New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 14.40.612. Bequest of Benjamin Altman, 1913. Source: The Met

Menswear

[To come…]

The Van Moerkerken Family

Fig. 1 - Gerard ter Borch the Younger (Dutch, Zwolle 1617–1681 Deventer). The Van Moerkerken Family, ca. 1653–54. Oil on wood; 41.3 x 35.6 cm (16 1/4 x 14 in). New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1982.60.30. The Jack and Belle Linsky Collection, 1982. Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Baker and His Wife

Fig. 2 - Jan Steen (Netherlands, 1626-1679). The Baker and His Wife, 1658. Oil on panel; 38 x 32 cm (15 x 12 in). Amsterdam: Rijks Museum. Source: Pinterest

Market Scene with a Quack

Fig. 3 - Jan Victors (Netherlands, 1619-1676). Market Scene with a Quack, 1650. Oil on canvas; 79 x 99 cm (31 x 39 in). Source: Pinterest

CHILDREN’S WEAR

Boy in a Turban holding a Nosegay

Fig. 1 - Michael Sweerts (Flemish, 1618-1664). Boy in a Turban holding a Nosegay, 1656-58. Oil on canvas; 87 x 74 cm (34.3 x 29.1 in). Madrid: Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, 385 (1981.19). Source: Pinterest

The Lacemaker

Fig. 2 - Nicolaes Maes (Dutch, 1634–1693). The Lacemaker, ca. 1656. Oil on canvas; 45.1 x 52.7 cm (17 3/4 x 20 3/4 in). New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 32.100.5. The Friedsam Collection, Bequest of Michael Friedsam, 1931. Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Baker's Cart

Fig. 3 - Jean Michelin (French, ca. 1616–1670). The Baker's Cart, 1656. Oil on canvas; 98.4 x 125.4 cm (38 3/4 x 49 3/8 in). New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 27.59. Fletcher Fund, 1927. Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

References:

Historical Context

Wikipedia: 1650-1659
Rulers:

Europe, 1650. Source: Pinterest

Events:
  • 1651 – Laws are passed in Massachusetts, forbidding poor people from adopting excessive styles of dress.
  • 1652 – Rhode Island passes the first law in North America making slavery illegal.
  • 1659 – Diego Velázquez’s portrait of Infanta Maria Theresa is first exhibited.
  • Primary/Period Sources

    Resources for Fashion History Research

    To discover primary/period sources, explore the categories below.
    Have a primary source to suggest?  Or a newly digitized periodical/book to announce?  Contact us!

    Primary/Period Sources

    Castiglione, Baldassarre, and Thomas Hoby. The Courtier of Counte Baldessar Castilio: Diuided into Foure Bookes. Verie Necessarie and Profitable for Young Gentlemen and Gentlewomen, Abiding in Court, Palace, or Place. Translated into English by Tho. Hobby. London: Printed by Thomas Creede, 1603. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/606505970.
    Courtin, Antoine de. Nouveau traité de la civilité qui se pratique en France parmi les honnestes gens. Paris: H. Josset, 1681. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000179974.
    Peacham, Henry. Peacham’s Compleat Gentleman, 1634. CIHM/ICMH Microfiche Series = CIHM/ICMH Collection de Microfiches ;No. 98995. Oxford ; Toronto: Clarendon Press, 1906. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100309353.
    Pibrac, Guy du Faur. La civilité qui se pratique en France parmi les honnêtes gens, pour l’éducation de la jeunesse, avec une méthode facile pour apprendre à bien lire, prononcer les mots & les écrire. Tours: Billault jeune, [16-?]. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001921297.

    Secondary Sources

    Also see the 17th-century overview page for more research sources… or browse our Zotero library.

    Online

    Watt, Melinda. “English Embroidery of the Late Tudor and Stuart Eras.” The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, n.d. https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/broi/hd_broi.htm.
    Breiding, Dirk H. “Fashion in European Armor.” The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, n.d. https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/afas/hd_afas.htm.
    Breiding, Dirk H. “Fashion in European Armor, 1600–1700.” The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, n.d. https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/afas17/hd_afas17.htm.
    Victoria and Albert Museum. “Fashion up to the 17th Century Reading List,” January 13, 2011. http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/f/reading-list-fashion-up-to-the-17th-century/.
    “Recreating 16th and 17th Century Clothing: The Renaissance Tailor,” n.d. http://www.renaissancetailor.com/research_vocabulary.htm.
    Watt, Melinda. “Textile Production in Europe: Silk, 1600–1800.” The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, n.d. https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/txt_s/hd_txt_s.htm.
    Breiding, Dirk H. “The Decoration of European Armor.” The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, n.d. https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/deca/hd_deca.htm.

    Books/Articles
    Ashelford, Jane, and Andreas Einsiedel. The Art of Dress: Clothes and Society, 1500-1914. London: National Trust, 1996. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/759883168.
    Boucher, François. 20,000 Years of Fashion: The History of Costume and Personal Adornment. Expanded ed. New York: H.N. Abrams, 1987. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/979316852.
    Brown, Susan, ed. Fashion: The Definitive History of Costume and Style. New York: DK Publishing, 2012. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/840417029.
    Cumming, Valerie. A Visual History of Costume: The Seventeenth Century. 3. London: Batsford, 1984. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9761398.
    Edwards, Lydia. How to Read a Dress: A Guide to Changing Fashion from the 16th to the 20th Century. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/988370049.
    Griffey, Erin. On Display: Henrietta Maria and the Materials of Magnificence at the Stuart Court. London: Yale University Press, 2015. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/949809624.
    Hart, Avril, and Susan North. Historical Fashion in Detail: The 17th and 18th Centuries. London: V&A Publications, 1998. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/170891633.
    Hart, Avril, Susan North, Richard Davis, and Leonie Davis. Seventeenth and Eighteenth-Century Fashion in Detail. London: V&A Publications, 2009. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/846177973.
    Hill, Daniel Delis. History of World Costume and Fashion. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2011. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/768100950.
    Reynolds, Anna. In Fine Style: The Art of Tudor and Stuart Fashion. London: Royal Collection Trust, 2013. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/824726826.
    Ribeiro, Aileen. Clothing Art: The Visual Culture of Fashion, 1600-1914. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2017. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/150348469.
    Ribeiro, Aileen. Fashion and Fiction: Dress in Art and Literature in Stuart England. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/630130965.
    Rodini, Elizabeth, Elissa Weaver, and Kristen Ina Grimes. A Well-Fashioned Image: Clothing and Costume in European Art, 1500-1850. Chicago: The David and Alfred Smart Museum of Art, The University of Chicago, 2002. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/694844989.
    Tortora, Phyllis G., and Sara B. Marcketti. Survey of Historic Costume. Sixth edition. New York: Fairchild Books, 2015. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/972500782.
    Vincent, Susan J., and Peter McNeil, eds. A Cultural History of Dress and Fashion: The Age of Enlightenment (1650-1800). London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/967107605.
    Waugh, Norah. The Cut of Men’s Clothes, 1600-1900. New York: Theatre Arts Books, 1964. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/927414537.
    Waugh, Norah, and Margaret Woodward. The Cut of Women’s Clothes, 1600-1930. New York: Theatre Arts Books, 1968. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/894728161.
    Welch, Evelyn S., ed. Fashioning the Early Modern: Dress, Textiles, and Innovation in Europe, 1500-1800. Pasold Studies in Textile History 18. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1004187054.
    Pinterest
    “1600-1699 Accessories.” Pinterest, 1600s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1600-1699-accessories/.
    “1600-1699 Children’s Clothing.” Pinterest, 1600s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1600-1699-childrens-clothing/.
    “1600-1699 Fabrics & Textiles.” Pinterest, 1600s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1600-1699-fabrics-textiles/.
    “1600-1699 Jewelry.” Pinterest, 1600s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1600-1699-jewelry/.
    “1600-1699 Men’s Extant Garments.” Pinterest, 1600s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1600-1699-mens-extant-garments/.
    “1600-1699 Undated Portraits of Men.” Pinterest, 1600s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1600-1699-undated-portraits-of-men/.
    “1600-1699 Undated Portraits of Women.” Pinterest, 1600s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1600-1699-undated-portraits-of-women/.
    “1600-1699 Women’s Extant Garments.” Pinterest, 1600s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1600-1699-womens-extant-garments/.
    “1600s Clothing.” Pinterest, 1600s. https://www.pinterest.com/brazen_irish_hu/1600s-clothing/.
    “1650-1659 Portraits of Men.” Pinterest, 1650s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1650-1659-portraits-of-men/.
    “1650-1659 Portraits of Women.” Pinterest, 1650s. https://www.pinterest.com/pocketmuseum/1650-1659-portraits-of-women/.
    “History of Fashion: XVII C.” Pinterest, 1600s. https://www.pinterest.com/luthienef/history-of-fashion-xvii-c/.