A t-shaped tunic with very wide sleeves. Worn by both men and women during the Byzantine empire.
ccording to the Dictionary of Fashion History, the dalmatic is dated to ca. 300 CE onwards and defined as:
“A long, T-shaped, tunic-like garment with wide sleeves and a slit at either side of the skirt. Possibly derived from the classical tunic, it was worn as an ecclesiastical vestment and by rulers on solemn occasions such as coronations.”
In 11th-Century Byzantine Clothing Construction, Christine Misterka notes that dalmatic tunics were characterized by wide sleeves, as seen in Figs. 1 & 2 . This image illustrates how imperial families decorated their tunics with appliquéd decorations and ornamented them with gold details.
Sarah-Grace Heller, author of Early Evidence of Fashion in West Europe, describes the dalmatic in the beginning of the third century, stating:
“The early third century brought a new style: the dalmatic, with long, tight sewn sleeves. It frequently employed colorful tapestry-woven wool trim to finish the neck, hem, and wrists and embellish the shoulder. These “roundels” (they often feature figures woven into a circle shape) represent a new locus of individual choice and self-expression: an element open to fashion.”
- Cumming, Valerie, C. W. Cunnington, and P. E. Cunnington. “Dalmatic.” In The Dictionary of Fashion History, 63. Oxford: Berg Publishers, 2010. Accessed January 06, 2018. https://www.bloomsburyfashioncentral.com/products/berg-fashion-library/dictionary/the-dictionary-of-fashion-history/dalmatic.
- “Dalmatic.” Wikipedia, October 18, 2017. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dalmatic&oldid=805990272.
- Heller, Sarah-Grace. “Early Evidence of Fashion in West Europe.” In Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion: West Europe, edited by Lise Skov. Oxford: Berg, 2010. Accessed January 06, 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.2752/BEWDF/EDch8411.
- Misterka, Christine. “11th Century Byzantine Clothing Construction.” Accessed September 17, 2017. https://docs.google.com/document/d/1yyNfYJAuEauFozftZgoy7N_ICJ7xifMZFWIb0vgqYkM/edit?pli=1